G9 - Adapted Physical Activity And Inclusion - Global Perspectives And Commitments To Inclusion
Chair: Maria Dinold (AUT) - University of Vienna, Austria, VP of IFAPA
In November 2015 the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) published their revised International Charter of Physical Education and Sport (Charter). The revised Charter specifically recognizes “… inclusive, adapted and safe opportunities to participate in physical education, physical activity and sport must be available to everyone, including persons with disabilities.” As a result, governments around the world will begin promoting legislation and policy to ensure individuals with disabilities are included in physical education and sport, and in many countries, such legislation has existed for many years (Lieberman & Block, 2016). Another international contract, the United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) and its application and relevance to the global sport community has already become influential on the policies of many states worldwide. The CRPD articulates the scope of the right of persons with disabilities to participate in sport, recreation and leisure, as well as the right of children with disabilities to play, to participate, and to be included in the fullest expression seen to date.
Maria Dinold will provide a brief international history of inclusion in physical education and sport, she will refer to the Charter and to the CRPD. The intentions for inclusive structures in international organizations, such as the International Federation of Adapted Physical Activity (IFAPA) will be outlined, and trends in South America will be mentioned.
Neiza Fumes will analyse the challenges and advances for promoting the sports and physical activity for people with disabilities in the countries where the exclusion and the marginalization are still outstanding. The Brazilian case will be considered more deeply and show the achievements in the Paralympics Games and the demands to universalize the practice of sports and physical activity for people with disabilities in this country.
When people with disabilities are consulted about their physical activity and sport needs their demands are quite specific. These include that opportunities are as local as possible, that activities are promoted based on their activity needs and not upon their impairments. Ken Black will focus on the dissonance between the organisation and funding of elite level disability sport and the huge lack of investment and seeming low value attached to the development of inclusive physical activity and sport for the majority of disabled people around the world.
All three speakers will illustrate the actual situation of inclusive activities, will want to ask questions about the possibilities for improvement, and will raise issues for discussion.
1. Maria Dinold (AUT) - University of Vienna, Austria, VP of IFAPA
Title Presentation: Development and general as well as specific aspects of inclusion in physical education and sport
2. Neiza Fumes (BRA) - UFAL-Universidade Federal de Alagoas, Brazil
Title Presentation: Inclusion and/or universalization in (youth) sport in South America
3. Ken Black (GBR) - The Inclusion Club, University of Worcester, UK
Title Presentation: 'Joining the Dots': bridging the gap between elite disability sport and inclusive physical activity