G6 - How to implement recommendations for Quality Physical Education?
Chair: Marc Cloes (BEL) - University of Liege, Belgium - AIESEP
According to the growing of the sedentariness over the world and to its negative resulting consequences for the society, it is now mandatory to act. Following the socioecological model, the solution of this challenge can be found in a multi-sectoral approach involving all pillars of the society. School represents the corner stone of any project aiming to influence the future. It has been pointed out as a determining element in the impact of projects aiming to promote physical activity in children as well as in adolescents, particularly when combined with other actors such as the community (Biddle et al., 2012; van Sluijs et al., 2007). During school time, several opportunities are available in order to increase the time spent in physically active behavior (Pate et al., 2006). A quality physical education (QPE) plays a central role in such action of the school. In 2015, UNESCO proposed guidelines aiming to promote QPE all around the world (McLennan & Thompson, 2015). In fact, it appears that, in many countries, stakeholders as well as physical educators do not have the resources needed to change the current policies and practices. Moreover, literature does not provide theoretical/practical support that would be necessary to implement new teaching strategies. This symposium will focus on an action research aiming to go from theory to practice on a national level. The study is built on the collaboration between the International Committee of Sport Pedagogy and the ‘Académie Nationale des Sports’ (ANS) of Madagascar. It is designed to reform and modernize physical education and sports organization in this country. The cooperation focused on the improvement of the quality of physical education, school sports, and leisure/competitive sports practice. It is based on a bottom-up process involving 30 communities selected according to their geographical, social, and economical characteristics. The major aim of this process is to identify the priorities of the country in order to improve the quality of physical education in schools, sports clubs and communities emphasizing diversity, accessibility, inclusion and equity. Qualitative and quantitative approaches have been implemented in order to take into account the needs of the people and the available resources. During the symposium, Marc CLOES (Belgium, AIESEP) will describe the design of the study. Michel LOVATIAKO (Madagascar, Ministry of Sports) will present the record of the process as experienced by a local partner. The place of girls and women in the process of reforming the Malagasy physical education program will be developed by Marianne MEIER (Switzerland, IAPESGW) while Claire Boursier (France, IFAPA) will explain how the integration of adapted physical activity has been envisaged in the reformed Malagasy physical education program.
1. Marc Cloes (BEL) - University of Liege, Belgium - AIESEP
2. Lovatiako Michel Ralaivao (MDG) - Administration of Youth and Sport - Madagascar
3. Marianne Meier (CHE) - Terre des Hommes, Switzerland - IAPESGW
4. Claire Boursier (FRA) - Université Paris Ouest Nanterre, France - IFAPA