G19 - Exercise training and Cardiopulmonary Systems

Maria Fernanda Cury-BoaventuraChair: Maria Fernanda Cury-Boaventura (BRA) - Cruzeiro do Sul University. BSc in Nutrition (2001). PhD and post-doctoral fellow in Human Physiology at the Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Sao Paulo (2007). She is professor at Institute of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences at Cruzeiro do Sul University since 2007.




Abstract

The endurance exercise promotes the release of inflammatory and markers of myocardial injury. Exacerbated inflammatory and/or injury process can affect cardiopulmonary system. Researchers have been investigating if myocardial injury after chronic endurance exercise is a physiological or pathological process of adaptation. The cardiopulmonary response after endurance exercise is influenced by training, genetic and epigenetic factors. The brief of cardiopulmonary fatigue after long-distance exercise will be presented by Ana Paula Rennó Sierra and Dra. Maria Fernanda will discuss the role of genotypes and inflammatory markers on cardiopulmonar changes induced by long- distance exercise. Dr. Bruno Moreira Silva will present results from studies that has been suggesting that the Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) can enhance exercise performance in some circumstances. IPC consists of brief cycles of ischemia followed by reperfusion, and is well-known to induce protection against ischemia/reperfusion injury. This protection has been attributed, in part, to beneficial effects of IPC on mitochondrial function and blood vessels, which, consequently, has driven the hypothesis that IPC could also enhance endurance exercise performance. Finally, Dra Edilamar M. Oliveira will elucidate the molecular/cellular mechanisms including the role of cardiac microRNA (miRNA) in physiological hypertrophy which influence genes associated with the heart remodeling and angiogenesis. There is a potential role of the miRNAs in promoting cardioprotective effects on physiological growth.

Speakers:

Ana Paula Rennó Sierra1. Ana Paula Rennó Sierra (BRA) - University of Sao Paulo. MSc in School of Physical Education and Sport, University of São Paulo (2015).Post-graduate student at School of Physical Education and Sport.

Title Presentation: Cardiopulmonary fatigue after long-distance exercise



Maria Fernanda Cury-Boaventura2. Maria Fernanda Cury-Boaventura (BRA) - Cruzeiro do Sul University. BSc in Nutrition (2001). PhD and post-doctoral fellow in Human Physiology at the Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Sao Paulo (2007). She is professor at Institute of Physical Activity and Sport Sciences at Cruzeiro do Sul University since 2007.

Title Presentation: Inflammatory markers of myocardial injury after endurance exercise


Edilamar Menezes de Oliveira3. Edilamar Menezes de Oliveira (BRA) - University of Sao Paulo. BSc in Pharmacy and Biochemistry (1986), Santa Maria Federal University. MSc in Biochemistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul (1993). PhD in Molecular Biology, Heart Institute at the University of Sao Paulo at the Medical School of Sao Paulo and UFRGS. She is Associated Professor and Director of the Laboratory of Biochemistry Applied to Exercise at the School of Physical Education and Sport at the University of São Paulo. She was a postdoctoral fellow at the Stem Cells Laboratory at the Keck Graduate Institute at the Claremont University in the USA. She researches the Effects of Exercise Training on Cardiovascular System with focus on molecular mechanisms.

Title Presentation: Aerobic Exercise Training Promotes Physiological Cardiac Remodeling Involving a Set of MicroRNAs