Preparing for extreme conditions: travelling – heat – pollution – altitude

Marco Tulio de MelloChair: Marco Tulio de Mello (BRA) - Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Department of Sports at Faculty of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy (FEFFTO), Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.




Abstract

This symposium will address relevant themes for high performance sports, in particular, problems and difficulties that pollution, altitude, excessive heat, moisture, and low recovery during the sleep period may impair athletic performance. This symposium will consider the following approaches: The first speaker (Romain Meeusen) will address the topic "Exercise, Pollution & the Brain". This presentation introduces an emerging research field focused on the effects of the exposure to air pollution on cognition during exercise, with specific attention to the concentrations of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and inflammatory markers. The second speaker (Ron Maughan) will address the theme "Preparing for exercise in the heat". This approach will bring a discussion of the consequences of physical exercise practice in conditions of high heat and humidity for major athletic contests. This poses a major challenge for competitors since the performance of both physical and mental tasks can be adversely affected by heat. Indeed, high humidity and high solar loads are factors that require consideration as well as the risk of dehydration in hot environments. The third speaker (Jose Magalhaes) will address the theme "Exercising in the Land of the Gods - Challenges at Altitude" The topics that will be covered are altitude and exercise performance, preparatory strategies to face altitude and acclimatization at altitude. The last speaker (Marco Tulio de Mello) will address the theme "sleeping at altitude condition, how is our physical and cognitive recovery? This talk will address the importance of sleep, physical and cognitive recovery process, as well as, how much sleep and all the physical and cognitive recovery process can be impaired in hypoxic conditions, taking into consideration the periods of training and competitions in altitude conditions and the recovery process. This symposium will take a comprehensive approach that will bring a discussion on sports performance and recovery of athletes, in special, considering training conditions and competitions.

Speakers: 

Marco Tulio de Mello1. Marco Tulio de Mello (BRA) - Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Department of Sports at Faculty of Physical Education, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy (FEFFTO), Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Title Presentation: Sleeping at altitude condition: how is our physical and cognitive recovery?



Romain Meeusen2. Romain Meeusen (BEL) - Vrije Universiteit Brussel – Human Physiology Research Group, Brussel, Belgium.

Title Presentation: Exercise, Pollution and the Brain




Christiano Antônio Machado Moreira3. Christiano Antônio Machado Moreira (BRA) - Dr. Christiano is a young scientist in the field environmental physiology, with particular emphases within the regulation of body temperature during exercise, heat acclimation, hydration states, and control of human eccrine sweating. During his Ph.D. in Thermal Physiology (UOW, Australia), Christiano examined the regional distribution and neural control of both thermogenic and psychogenic sweating. In the Post-doc research (UFMG, Brazil), the focus was the impact of extreme, hot environment upon thermoregulation, endotoxemia and exercise performance. Furthermore, Dr. Christiano has collaborated in research projects in Japan and Europe. Current position: fulltime, permanent professor at the Federal University of Juiz de Fora, Brazil. Member of the Exercise Physiology Laboratory at the Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Title Presentation: Exercise in extreme environment: the heat challenge