Chair: Paulo Azevedo (BRA) - Federal University of São Paulo, Human Movement Science Department, Santos, São Paulo, Brazil.
The aim of the present symposium is to present to the audience the most recent scientific discoveries related to elite performance. Professor Will Hopkins will be speaking and debating about statistic analysis. Athletes vary in their performance from one competition to the next, typically by 1-2% at the Olympic level for sports in which athletes compete as individuals. Giving an elite athlete an enhancement of performance similar in magnitude to this variability increases the athlete's chances of winning a medal, but simulations show that the smallest important enhancement of one extra medal every 10 competitions is achieved with a change in performance of as little as 0.3 of the variability. Performance of elite solo athletes is therefore fundamentally unreliable, and special designs and analyses are required when studying or monitoring performance of such athletes in field tests and competitions. With elite team sports the Holy Grail is an analytical method for identifying the changes in match performance indicators and fitness tests of individual athletes that would result in their team winning one extra match in every 10 matches. The second speaker, Professor Irineu Loturco, will focus on simple ways to increase and monitor the speed-power performance in elite sports. As muscle power and sprinting speed are widely recognized as determinant factors of individual performance, several studies have been designed to determine better and more effective methods for increasing these neuromechanical capacities in top-level athletes. Although many of these training approaches have advantages in specific contexts, to be fully implemented, the majority require either time-consuming testing routines or extensive periods of time, which may hamper their use in professional sports. In this context, it seems rational to search for simpler and more realistic ways to improve and control the speed and power performances of elite athletes. The aim of this speech is to demonstrate how some of these “practical and applied strategies” can be used for such purposes, presenting experimental data collected from subjects at the extremes of human performance and up to date cases of athletes involved in the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Professor Miguel de Arruda will be speaking about biological predictors of performance and the importance of these on youth training and athletic performance improvement. It has great importance because growth and maturation development are strongly correlated with motor control and performance in youth. In the sequence we will be hearing to Professor Paulo Azevedo talking about fatigue as a limiting- factor of performance. Some data has recently indicated that central nervous system can be modulated in order to improve athletes’ performance. Thus, we will discuss about the effectiveness of ergogenic strategies in performance improvement.
1.Paulo Azevedo (BRA) - Federal University of São Paulo, Human Movement Science Department, Santos, São Paulo, Brazil.
Title Presentation: Central fatigue and ergogenic strategies
2.Will Hopkins (AUS) - Institute for Sport Exercise and Active Living, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia
Title Presentation: Medal-winning Enhancements of Performance
3.Irineu Loturco (BRA) - Director of Sport Science and Research at the Nucleus of High Performance in Sport, São Paulo, Brazil.
Title Presentation: Simple ways to increase and monitor the speed-power performance in elite sports
4.Miguel Arruda (BRA) - Physical Education College, UNICAMP, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil
Title Presentation: Youth training: Biological predictors and indicators