Elite performance

Paulo Azevedo

Chair: Paulo Azevedo (BRA) - Federal University of São Paulo, Human Movement Science Department, Santos, São Paulo, Brazil.




Abstract

The aim of the present symposium is to present to the audience the most recent scientific discoveries related to elite performance.  Professor Will Hopkins will be speaking and debating about statistic analysis. Athletes vary in their  performance from one competition to the next, typically by 1-2% at the Olympic level for sports in  which athletes compete as individuals. Giving an elite athlete an enhancement of performance similar  in magnitude to this variability increases the athlete's chances of winning a medal, but simulations  show that the smallest important enhancement of one extra medal every 10 competitions is achieved  with a change in performance of as little as 0.3 of the variability. Performance of elite solo athletes is  therefore fundamentally unreliable, and special designs and analyses are required when studying or  monitoring performance of such athletes in field tests and competitions. With elite team sports the  Holy Grail is an analytical method for identifying the changes in match performance indicators and  fitness tests of individual athletes that would result in their team winning one extra match in every 10  matches.  The second speaker, Professor Irineu Loturco, will focus on simple ways to increase and monitor the  speed-power performance in elite sports. As muscle power and sprinting speed are widely recognized  as determinant factors of individual performance, several studies have been designed to determine  better and more effective methods for increasing these neuromechanical capacities in top-level  athletes. Although many of these training approaches have advantages in specific contexts, to be fully  implemented, the majority require either time-consuming testing routines or extensive periods of time,  which may hamper their use in professional sports. In this context, it seems rational to search for  simpler and more realistic ways to improve and control the speed and power performances of elite  athletes. The aim of this speech is to demonstrate how some of these “practical and applied strategies”  can be used for such purposes, presenting experimental data collected from subjects at the extremes of  human performance and up to date cases of athletes involved in the Olympic and Paralympic Games.  Professor Miguel de Arruda will be speaking about biological predictors of performance and the  importance of these on youth training and athletic performance improvement. It has great importance  because growth and maturation development are strongly correlated with motor control and  performance in youth.  In the sequence we will be hearing to Professor Paulo Azevedo talking about fatigue as a limiting- factor of performance. Some data has recently indicated that central nervous system can be modulated  in order to improve athletes’ performance. Thus, we will discuss about the effectiveness of ergogenic  strategies in performance improvement.

Speakers:

Paulo Azevedo1.Paulo Azevedo (BRA) - Federal University of São Paulo, Human Movement Science Department, Santos, São Paulo, Brazil.

Title Presentation: Central fatigue and ergogenic strategies



WillHopkins2.Will Hopkins (AUS) - Institute for Sport Exercise and Active Living, Victoria University, Melbourne, Australia 

Title Presentation: Medal-winning Enhancements of Performance




IrineuLoturco3.Irineu Loturco (BRA) - Director of Sport Science and Research at the Nucleus of High Performance in Sport, São Paulo, Brazil.

Title Presentation: Simple ways to increase and monitor the speed-power performance in elite sports



Miguel de Arruda4.Miguel Arruda (BRA) - Physical Education College, UNICAMP, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

Title Presentation: Youth training: Biological predictors and indicators